Diversity of Scope 3 emissions categories
The GHG Protocol groups Scope 3 emissions into 15 categories along the value chain. Relevant upstream activities include, for instance, raw material extraction and production, purchased goods and services, and capital goods. In the downstream part of the value chain, the processing of sold products, transportation and distribution, and the use and end-of-life treatment of products can have significant impacts on a company's carbon footprint.
A thorough differentiation of emission sources enables companies to develop more targeted mitigation strategies and measures.